Frank-Walter Steinmeier (Social Democratic Party, since March 2017)

Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union, since November 2005)

Population 83,019,213 (2019)
Size 357,168 km² (137,847 sq. miles)
MEPs 96 (joined the EU in 1958)
Next presidential election

Next legislative election



Presidency of the Council July – December 2020
Last meeting with Boris Johnson 23 September 2019
Brexit priorities While many have said trade will be a big priority for Germany, particularly for its car industry, Germany has a trade surplus with the UK, which amounts to about 1% of GDP. Because of this, the German economy is in a strong position and it is expected that, as long as Mrs Merkel remains in power, her priority will be to protect the integrity of the single market by maintaining its four freedoms (goods, services, capital and workers).

Germany will also see itself playing a big role in keeping the EU-27 united throughout the Brexit negotiations and thereafter.

What Mrs Merkel said on Brexit The whole process of the exit still lies ahead of us, but the decision is irrevocable. Now we must negotiate on the basis of our interests. And ‘negotiate’ means, above all, strengthening common projects.”

“Brexit negotiations won’t be easy. If we don’t say full access to the internal market is linked to full freedom of movement, then a movement will spread in Europe where everyone just does whatever they want.” 

“This is not meant maliciously, but you cannot have all of the good things and then say there’s a limit of 100,000 or 200,000 EU citizens allowed to enter the U.K. That won’t work. At that point, we’ll have to think about which restrictions we make on the European side to compensate for that.”

“We have a responsibility to pursue this separation process responsibly so that in 50 years, people won’t shake their heads and say ‘Why weren’t they able to find a compromise?'”

Germany’s priorities Following the elections on 24 September 2017, Angela Merkel secured her fourth term as Chancellor, though lost 8.5% compared to 2013, making it the CDU’s worst result since 1945. The Social Democrats (SPD) also lost some seats, securing 20.5% of votes, which also marked the party’s poorest result. Meanwhile, far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) enters the Bundestag for the first time and has now become the country’s third biggest party, winning 12.6% of the votes.

After the “Jamaica” coaltion with the liberal FDP (10.7%) and the Greens (8.9%) failed, the CDU turned to the SPD to form another Grand Coalition. Mrs Merkel’s fourth Government was initiated on 14th March 2018.

Following a defeat in regional elections in October 2018, Mrs Merkel announced that she would step down as CDU leader and not run for another term as Chancellor. Annegret kramp-karrenbauer, current defence minister, is being groomed to succeed Mrs Merkel.

Germany plays a vital role in the EU as it is one of the most powerful Member States. Angela Merkel’s open-door refugee policy prompted thousands of refugees to head to Europe, causing problems with Germany’s asylum system and fueling the support for populist AfD party.

Furthermore, Germany has played a big part in the bail-out for Greece, a country currently under pressure to implement more austerity measures. The German economy and therefore the economies of all euro countries has been a crucial issue for Germany over the past years and will continue to be so now Mrs Merkel has secured her fourth term as Chancellor.

In terms of foreign policy, Germany has a big role to play in NATO and wants to maintain the sanctions on Russia.